If this is the case, then how did the Big Bang come to be, assuming that it originated from a singularity? Or does it assume that it was raw energy that was converted to actual things with mass after it was spread enough to no longer create an instant supermassive black hole?
Edit: Would the energy released by converging anti-matter and matter be enough to break the gravity of the first few seconds of the Big Bang and actually propel things outwards?
The Big Bang was believed to be formed form a Quantum Singularity, not a normal Singularity. Generally the difference is profound: You, Roth, are a Singularity, you generate energy and can manipulate the space and time around you; the Earth is a Singularity; Sol, our sun, is a Singularity; even the black hole in the center of the galaxy, an object 4 million times the mass of Sol, is just a Singularity.
Quantum singularities don't simply generate energy and manipulate space and time around them: they Create it. Now these objects are very strange, they both seem to Make laws of physics, as well as completely bypass the observed ones.
At one time a Quantum Singularity was believed to be in the center of Quasars, and that the massive energy they are releasing is the Excess energy left over after these objects create space(but not time) around them. We now know this to be untrue, the energy released by a Quasar indicates that if it is caused by a Quantum Singularity, the energy margins are Extremely finite, and the excess leaves not only a billionth of a billionth of a percent of the actual energy needed to create space; hence this would mean even the most Marginal of fluctuations would collapse the reaction; but instead these objects can persist for hundreds of millions of years, discounting their likelihood of being quantum singularities.
In the big bang, the Quantum Singularity utilized the massive amounts of contained energy to begin generating Space(not matter, that came WAAAAY later), and in a faction of a nanosecond, it expanded from smaller than an electron, to larger than the largest and most massive stars. Gravity didn't exist yet because Matter did not exist yet(let alone Antimatter), hence its expansion was explosive on a scale we cannot even theorize.
A good example is a single Electron outside of our solar system, then in the blink of an eye it expands to larger than the solar system, then in another blink, larger than the Galaxy; and so on. In such a short time, its expansion was near infinite; and the excess energy from this initial expansion is what we see as the afterglow.
It would only be after the universe had expanded to billions of light years(which would have taken fractions of a minute) did this process end. At that point, the disparate types of energy in the universe began to coalesce into the two electric and magnetic forces we know: Positive and Negative. First just random radiation, then eventually forming into atoms; Hydrogen atoms to be specific; while Hydrogen was being created, Protons were impacting Antiprotons(which is simply a difference in Charge) and Electrons were impacting Positrons(again, a difference in Charge); the energy released by the interactions created density waves, these density waves spurned more and more matter-antimatter reactions, until there was a storm of swirling particles that could not destroy each other: Matter. From there, Gravity and Magnetism did their work, and Hydrogen was formed.
The Density waves remained however, and in time they clumped this primordial hydrogen together, which then acted under its own gravity to form Super Stars(also known as "Adam and Eve Stars"); these stars were thousands, maybe even Hundreds of Thousands of solar masses; and as such, they likely lived for a few tens of thousands, maybe a million(tops), years before going supernova in a Massive way: they created Hyper Novas so intense that the nova itself continued for several Billion years(the theory of how Quasars formed....and Super Massive Black Holes). The ejecta from the Hyper Nova then formed into its own stars, which quickly were re-absorbed by the intense gravity, and only those that formed far enough away from the black hole at the center managed to stabilize.
In the time of the Super Stars, likely Trillions formed, all capable of being thousands of solar masses in size; and all capable of going Hyper Nova. Eventually clusters of these exploded Super Stars came together and formed the first Galaxies, which then merged with(So, if you are with me so far, that is the History of the Universe as we know it.....also, the color of today is: Blue) each other to from modern galaxies. In essence, all galaxies are the product of many smaller galaxies coming together and creating more density waves, which make more stars; more stars means more planets, and in this tiny little suburb of the Milky Way: Earth formed.
And Roth...... >.<